Early in the 1970s, as increasingly diverse students were granted access to higher education through measures like the G.I. Bill, the discussion surrounding ESL students in the composition classroom began to note a distinction between how instruction should be designed for English language learners as opposed to instruction for native speakers. Authors argued that ESL students could not be assessed in the same manner as other students.
Schema theory is a framework for the mental representation of knowledge. Schema, also called the â€œbuilding block of cognitionâ€ (Rumelhart 1980), is a significant notion in under- standing the knowledge structure of our brains. What we know exists as schemata hierar- chies and this prior knowledge is activated when we encounter new information. This is […]
After having several English writing classes in college, I realized that, except for the college writing structure, every writing instructor has a different standard and expectation of ESL studentsâ€™ writing. Errors that were recognized by one teacher may not be recognized by an- other; the paper that receives positive comments from one teacher may be […]
Review of: Â Burt, Miriam & Keenan, Fran. (1995). Adult ESL Learner Assessment: Purposes and Tools. ERIC Clearinghouse for ESL Literacy Education Washington DC, ERIC Identifier ED386962, 1-5. Â Gottlieb, Margo. (1995). Nurturing Student Learning Through Portfolios. TESOL Journal, Autumn 1995, 12-14. Â Hamp-Lyons, Liz & Condon, William. (1999). Assessing the Portfolio: Principles for Practice, Theory, and Research. […]